S2 English homework. Exercise 6.
Complex and Compound Sentences
Copy the following note into your jotter.
There are three main types of clause:
A main clause This can stand alone as a sentence. It contains a subject and a finite verb.
A subordinate clause This also has a verb but does not make sense on its own. It makes up a complex sentence when added to a main clause.
E.g. That boy, who is standing over there, is my friend's brother.
That boy is my friend's brother is the main clause.
Who is standing over there is the subordinate clause.
If a subordinate clause comes at the beginning of a sentence, it is separated from the main clause by a comma. A comma is not needed if the main clause comes first.
A co-ordinating clause This is what we call each of the clauses when two or more are joined together in a sentence but are able to stand alone.
Complex sentences contain a main clause and at least one subordinate clause.
Compound sentences contain two or more co-ordinating clauses, which are joined by a conjunction.
Task: describe which of the following sentences are complex sentences and which are compound sentences. Give a reason for your choice.
1. Anne likes to read but John prefers to watch TV.
2. Jason, who is eight years old, lives across the road.
3. I met my friends then we went shopping.
4. When I was on holiday I swam with dolphins.
5. You cannot go out until you have finished this homework.
6. Sheila, who can play the piano, is learning to play the violin.
7. I want to see the new ‘Star Wars' film but I have no money.
8. He missed the algebra test because he was late.
9. I walked the dog before phoning my friend.
10. I wanted to be a lawyer when I left school.