S2 English homework. Exercise 5.
Phrases, Clauses and Sentences
Copy the following note into your jotter.
Phrase A phrase is a group of words that does not contain a verb, does not make sense by itself and could never stand alone in a sentence. Most phrases are short.
E.g. up the hill or in a few hours
Clause A clause contains a subject and a finite verb (A verb which has a subject and a tense and tells you the main action occurring.) It can stand alone as a simple sentence or can be used as part of a more complicated sentence.
E.g. The cat sat on the mat. (cat = subject, sat = verb)
Sentence A sentence is a group of words that begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, exclamation mark or question mark. It makes complete sense and contains a subject (who or what it is about), and a predicate (the rest of the sentence) with a finite verb. Some sentences contain more than one clause.
Task: Say whether each of the following groups of words is a phrase or clause. (Hint- Look for the VERB!)
1. The ship sank.
2. In a week or two.
3. All the pupils in the school.
4. The girl sang.
5. Across the water.
6. The bull was chasing me.
7. The evil looking man.
8. He ate an apple.
9. They walked to church.
10. The flowers in the garden.