S2 English homework. Exercise 15.
Euphemisms, Hyperbole and Litotes
Copy the following note into your jotter.
Euphemisms are words we use to make something sound nicer or less harsh. We often use euphemisms to save someone's feelings or to sound more acceptable in a formal situation. Sometimes euphemisms are used to make the subject seem more humorous. Euphemisms tend to be the politically correct way of saying something and are often used to describe bodily functions.
E.g. He passed away is a more sensitive version than he died.
Hyperbole is when we deliberately exaggerate something to strengthen the meaning. E.g. I'm starving instead of I'm hungry. It can also be used to make what is being said more humorous.
Litotes is the opposite of hyperbole. We use it when we want to make something seem less important. E.g. The teacher wasn't exactly pleased when I forgot my homework
Match each of the phrases in the left hand column with an appropriate euphemism from the right hand column.
1. go to the toilet a. being economical with the truth
2. fat b. powder your nose
3. bald c. cuddly
4. lying d. vertically challenged
5. blind e. follically challenged
6. short f. visually impaired
Give an example of hyperbole and litotes for the following ideas.
1. I'm tired.
2. I'm hungry.
3. I'm bored.
4. I'm happy.