S1 English Homework. Exercise 18
Figures of Speech – Sheet 2
We use types of phrases in English called ‘Figures of Speech' to make writing more interesting and vivid.
Simile. A simile compares two things to show how they are similar in some way. However, the things are not actually the same. A simile always contains the words ‘like' or ‘as'.
E.g. He was as strong as a lion.
The material of her dress was white like snow.
Metaphor A metaphor is like a simile except it does not use the words ‘like' or ‘as'. It says something is something else.
E.g. The boy was a lion in the fight. (he fought like a lion.)
The sea is a mirror reflecting the sun.
Personification This is also known as personal metaphor. It is when a non-human thing is given human characteristics.
E.g. The chair groaned when the fat lady sat down.
The trees whispered in the breeze.
Read the following figures of speech carefully. Write down what type each one is.
- The door sighed as it closed.
- The man was as strong as an ox.
- His face was red like fire.
- The road was a ribbon of moonlight.
- The oak tree looked into my bedroom window.
- The beggar sat slumped like a half-filled sack.
- His beard was a bristled brush.
- The pregnant lady's stomach was round like a beach ball.
- It is raining cats and dogs.
- The train whistled as it passed the station.
Mrs D. Thomson