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United Kingdom



Atlas United Kingdom

Country (long form)
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Capital
London
Total Area
94,525.53 sq mi
244,820.00 sq km
Population
59,511,464 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
58,210,627
Languages
English, Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)
Literacy
99% total, N/A% male, N/A%, (1978 est.)
Religions
Anglican 27 million, Roman Catholic 9 million, Muslim 1 million, Presbyterian 800,000, Methodist 760,000, Sikh 400,000, Hindu 350,000, Jewish 300,000 (1991 est.)
Life Expectancy
74.97 male, 80.49 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
constitutional monarchy
Currency
1 British pound = 100 pence
GDP (per capita)
$21,800 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
services 68.9%, manufacturing and construction 17.5%, government 11.3%, energy 1.2%, agriculture 1.1% (1996)
Industry
production machinery including machine tools, electric power equipment, automation equipment, railroad equipment, shipbuilding, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, electronics and communications equipment, metals, chemicals, coal, petroleum, paper and paper products, food processing, textiles, clothing, and other consumer goods
Agriculture
cereals, oilseed, potatoes, vegetables; cattle, sheep, poultry; fish
Arable Land
25%
Exports
manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco
Imports
manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs
Natural Resources
coal, petroleum, natural gas, tin, limestone, iron ore, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, lead, silica, arable land
Current Environmental Issues
sulfur dioxide emissions from power plants contribute to air pollution; some rivers polluted by agricultural wastes; and coastal waters polluted because of large-scale disposal of sewage at sea
Telephones (main lines in use)
29.41 million (1995)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
13 million (yearend 1998)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
364 (1999)