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Switzerland



Atlas Switzerland

Country (long form)
Swiss Confederation
Capital
Bern
Total Area
15,942.16 sq mi
41,290.00 sq km
Population
7,262,372 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
6,549,633
Languages
German (official) 63.7%, French (official) 19.2%, Italian (official) 7.6%, Romansch 0.6%, other 8.9%
Literacy
99% total, N/A% male, N/A% female (1980 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 46.1%, Protestant 40%, other 5%, none 8.9% (1990)
Life Expectancy
76.73 male, 82.63 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
federal republic
Currency
1 Swiss franc, franken, or franco (SFR) = 100 centimes, rappen, or centesimi
GDP (per capita)
$27,100 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
services 67%, industry 28%, agriculture and forestry 5% (1996 est.)
Industry
machinery, chemicals, watches, textiles, precision instruments
Agriculture
grains, fruits, vegetables; meat, eggs
Arable Land
10%
Exports
machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, agricultural products
Imports
machinery, chemicals, vehicles, metals; agricultural products, textiles
Natural Resources
hydropower potential, timber, salt
Current Environmental Issues
air pollution from vehicle emissions and open-air burning; acid rain; water pollution from increased use of agricultural fertilizers; loss of biodiversity
Telephones (main lines in use)
4.82 million (1998)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
810,170 (1999)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
115 (Switzerland and Liechtenstein) (1999)