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Somalia


Atlas Somalia

Country (long form)
none
Capital
Mogadishu
Total Area
246,200.74 sq mi
637,657.00 sq km
Population
7,253,137 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
25,499,605
Languages
Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English
Literacy
24.0% total, 36.0% male, 14% female (1990 est.)
Religions
Sunni Muslim
Life Expectancy
44.66 male, 47.85 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
none
Currency
1 Somali shilling (So. Sh.) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita)
$600 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
agriculture (mostly pastoral nomadism) 71%, industry and services 29%
Industry
a few small industries, including sugar refining, textiles, petroleum refining (mostly shut down)
Agriculture
bananas, sorghum, corn, sugarcane, mangoes, sesame seeds, beans; cattle, sheep, goats; fish
Arable Land
2%
Exports
livestock, bananas, hides, fish (1997)
Imports
manufactures, petroleum products, foodstuffs, construction materials (1995)
Natural Resources
uranium and largely unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, salt
Current Environmental Issues
famine; use of contaminated water contributes to human health problems; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; desertification
Telephones (main lines in use)
N/A
Telephones (mobile cellular)
N/A
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
N/A

Somalia is one of the world's most dangerous destinations. Particularly dangerous are the Sool and Sanaag regions of the self-declared republic of Somaliland and the northeastern area of Puntland. Criminal activity is rampant in southern Somalia, especially Mogadishu.