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Atlas Russia

Country (long form)
Russian Federation
Capital
Moscow
Total Area
6,592,771.58 sq mi
17,075,200.00 sq km
Population
146,001,176 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
118,233,243
Languages
Russian, other
Literacy
98.0% total, 100.0% male, 97% female (1989 est.)
Religions
Russian Orthodox, Muslim, other
Life Expectancy
59.80 male, 72 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
federation
Currency
1 ruble (R) = 100 kopeks
GDP (per capita)
$4,200 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
agriculture 15%, industry 30%, services 55% (1999 est.)
Industry
complete range of mining and extractive industries producing coal, oil, gas, chemicals, and metals; all forms of machine building from rolling mills to high-performance aircraft and space vehicles; shipbuilding; road and rail transportation equipment; communications equipment; agricultural machinery, tractors, and construction equipment; electric power generating and transmitting equipment; medical and scientific instruments; consumer durables, textiles, foodstuffs, handicrafts
Agriculture
grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, vegetables, fruits; beef, milk
Arable Land
8%
Exports
petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, wood and wood products, metals, chemicals, and a wide variety of civilian and military manufactures
Imports
machinery and equipment, consumer goods, medicines, meat, grain, sugar, semifinished metal products
Natural Resources
wide natural resource base including major deposits of oil, natural gas, coal, and many strategic minerals, timber
Current Environmental Issues
air pollution from heavy industry, emissions of coal-fired electric plants, and transportation in major cities; industrial, municipal, and agricultural pollution of inland waterways and sea coasts; deforestation; soil erosion; soil contamination from improper application of agricultural chemicals; scattered areas of sometimes intense radioactive contamination; ground water contamination from toxic waste
Telephones (main lines in use)
25.019 million (1995)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
645,000 (1999)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
83 (Russia and Kazakhstan) (1999)