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Peru



Atlas Peru

Country (long form)
Republic of Peru
Capital
Lima
Total Area
496,226.22 sq mi
1,285,220.00 sq km
Population
27,012,899 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
44,393,210
Languages
Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara
Literacy
88.7% total, 94.5% male, 83% female (1995 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 90%
Life Expectancy
67.63 male, 72.5 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
constitutional republic
Currency
1 nuevo sol (S/.) = 100 centimos
GDP (per capita)
$4,400 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
agriculture, mining and quarrying, manufacturing, construction, transport, services
Industry
mining of metals, petroleum, fishing, textiles, clothing, food processing, cement, auto assembly, steel, shipbuilding, metal fabrication
Agriculture
coffee, cotton, sugarcane, rice, wheat, potatoes, plantains, coca; poultry, beef, dairy products, wool; fish
Arable Land
3%
Exports
fish and fish products, copper, zinc, gold, crude petroleum and byproducts, lead, coffee, sugar, cotton
Imports
machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum, iron and steel, chemicals, pharmaceuticals
Natural Resources
copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower
Current Environmental Issues
deforestation (some the result of illegal logging); overgrazing of the slopes of the costa and sierra leading to soil erosion; desertification; air pollution in Lima; pollution of rivers and coastal waters from municipal and mining wastes
Telephones (main lines in use)
1.509 million (1998)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
504,995 (1998)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
15 (1999)