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Moldova



Atlas Moldova

Country (long form)
Republic of Moldova
Capital
Chisinau
Total Area
13,066.86 sq mi
33,843.00 sq km
Population
4,430,654 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
4,795,531
Languages
Moldovan (official, virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Literacy
96.0% total, 99.0% male, 94% female (1989 est.)
Religions
Eastern Orthodox 98.5%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist (only about 1,000 members) (1991)
Life Expectancy
59.92 male, 69.22 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
republic
Currency
Moldovan leu (MLD) (plural lei)
GDP (per capita)
$2,200 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
agriculture 40.2%, industry 14.3%, other 45.5% (1998)
Industry
food processing, agricultural machinery, foundry equipment, refrigerators and freezers, washing machines, hosiery, sugar, vegetable oil, shoes, textiles
Agriculture
vegetables, fruits, wine, grain, sugar beets, sunflower seed, tobacco; beef, milk
Arable Land
53%
Exports
foodstuffs, wine, and tobacco 66%; textiles and footwear, machinery (1998)
Imports
mineral products and fuel 31%, machinery and equipment, chemicals, textiles (1998)
Natural Resources
lignite, phosphorites, gypsum, arable land
Current Environmental Issues
heavy use of agricultural chemicals, including banned pesticides such as DDT, has contaminated soil and groundwater; extensive soil erosion from poor farming methods
Telephones (main lines in use)
566,000 (1995)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
14 (1995)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
2 (1999)