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Atlas Italy

Country (long form)
Italian Republic
Capital
Rome
Total Area
116,305.55 sq mi
301,230.00 sq km
Population
57,634,327 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
45,016,465
Languages
Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d'Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Literacy
98% total, N/A% male, N/A% female (1998)
Religions
predominately Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community
Life Expectancy
75.85 male, 82.41 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
republic
Currency
1 Italian lira (Lit) = 100 centesimi
GDP (per capita)
$21,400 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
services 61%, industry 32%, agriculture 7% (1996)
Industry
tourism, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, food processing, textiles, motor vehicles, clothing, footwear, ceramics
Agriculture
fruits, vegetables, grapes, potatoes, sugar beets, soybeans, grain, olives; beef, dairy products; fish
Arable Land
31%
Exports
engineering products, textiles and clothing, production machinery, motor vehicles, transport equipment, chemicals; food, beverages and tobacco; minerals and nonferrous metals
Imports
engineering products, chemicals, transport equipment, energy products, minerals and nonferrous metals, textiles and clothing; food, beverages and tobacco
Natural Resources
mercury, potash, marble, sulfur, dwindling natural gas and crude oil reserves, fish, coal, arable land
Current Environmental Issues
air pollution from industrial emissions such as sulfur dioxide; coastal and inland rivers polluted from industrial and agricultural effluents; acid rain damaging lakes; inadequate industrial waste treatment and disposal facilities
Telephones (main lines in use)
25 million (1998)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
17.7 million (1998)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
219 (1999)