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Atlas Germany

Country (long form)
Federal Republic of Germany
Capital
Berlin
Total Area
137,846.58 sq mi
357,021.00 sq km
Population
82,797,408 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
79,702,511
Languages
German
Literacy
99% total, N/A% male, N/A% female (1977 est.)
Religions
Protestant 38%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 1.7%, unaffiliated or other 26.3%
Life Expectancy
74.3 male, 80.75 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
federal republic
Currency
1 deutsche mark (DM) = 100 pfennige
GDP (per capita)
$22,700 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
industry 33.7%, agriculture 2.7%, services 63.6% (1998)
Industry
among world's largest and technologically advanced producers of iron, steel, coal, cement, chemicals, machinery, vehicles, machine tools, electronics, food and beverages; shipbuilding; textiles
Agriculture
potatoes, wheat, barley, sugar beets, fruit, cabbages; cattle, pigs, poultry
Arable Land
33%
Exports
machinery, vehicles, chemicals, metals and manufactures, foodstuffs, textiles (1999)
Imports
machinery, vehicles, chemicals, foodstuffs, textiles, metals (1999)
Natural Resources
iron ore, coal, potash, timber, lignite, uranium, copper, natural gas, salt, nickel, arable land
Current Environmental Issues
emissions from coal-burning utilities and industries contribute to air pollution; acid rain, resulting from sulfur dioxide emissions, is damaging forests; pollution in the Baltic Sea from raw sewage and industrial effluents from rivers in eastern Germany; hazardous waste disposal; government currently attempting to define mechanism for ending the use of nuclear power; government working to meet EU commitment to identify nature preservation areas in line with the EU's Flora, Fauna, and Habitat directive
Telephones (main lines in use)
46.5 million main lines are installed (July 1999)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
15.318 million (April 1999)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
625 (1999)