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Finland



Atlas Finland

Country (long form)
Republic of Finland
Capital
Helsinki
Total Area
130,128.01 sq mi
337,030.00 sq km
Population
5,167,486 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
4,723,316
Languages
Finnish 93.4% (official), Swedish 5.9% (official), small Lapp- and Russian-speaking minorities
Literacy
100% total, 100.0% male, 100.0% female (1980 est.)
Religions
Evangelical Lutheran 89%, Greek Orthodox 1%, none 9%, other 1%
Life Expectancy
73.74 male, 81.2 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
republic
Currency
1 markka (FMk) or Finmark = 100 pennia
GDP (per capita)
$21,000 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
public services 32%, industry 22%, commerce 14%, finance, insurance, and business services 10%, agriculture and forestry 8%, transport and communications 8%, construction 6%
Industry
metal products, shipbuilding, pulp and paper, copper refining, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, clothing
Agriculture
cereals, sugar beets, potatoes; dairy cattle; fish
Arable Land
8%
Exports
machinery and equipment, chemicals, metals; timber, paper, and pulp
Imports
foodstuffs, petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, transport equipment, iron and steel, machinery, textile yarn and fabrics, fodder grains
Natural Resources
timber, copper, zinc, iron ore, silver
Current Environmental Issues
air pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations
Telephones (main lines in use)
2.861 million (1997)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
2,162,574 (1997)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
36 (1999)