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Estonia



Atlas Estonia

Country (long form)
Republic of Estonia
Capital
Tallinn
Total Area
17,461.86 sq mi
45,226.00 sq km
Population
1,431,471 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
1,125,687
Languages
Estonian (official), Russian, Ukrainian, English, Finnish, other
Literacy
100.0% total, 100.0% male, 100.0% female
Religions
Evangelical Lutheran, Russian Orthodox, Estonian Orthodox, Baptist, Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal, Word of Life, Jewish
Life Expectancy
63.4 male, 75.79 female
Government Type
parliamentary democracy
Currency
1 Estonian kroon (EEK) = 100 sents
GDP (per capita)
$5,600 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
industry 20%, agriculture and forestry 11%, services 69% (1999 est.)
Industry
oil shale, shipbuilding, phosphates, electric motors, excavators, cement, furniture, clothing, textiles, paper, shoes, apparel
Agriculture
potatoes, fruits, vegetables; livestock and dairy products; fish
Arable Land
25%
Exports
machinery and appliances 19%, wood products 15%, textiles 13%, food products 12%, metals 10%, chemical products 8% (1999)
Imports
machinery and appliances 26%, foodstuffs 15%, chemical products 10%, metal products 9%, textiles 8% (1999)
Natural Resources
shale oil (kukersite), peat, phosphorite, amber, cambrian blue clay, limestone, dolomite, arable land
Current Environmental Issues
air heavily polluted with sulfur dioxide from oil-shale burning power plants in northeast; contamination of soil and groundwater with petroleum products, chemicals at former Soviet military bases; Estonia has more than 1,400 natural and manmade lakes, the smaller of which in agricultural areas are heavily affected by organic waste; coastal sea water is polluted in many locations
Telephones (main lines in use)
476,078 (yearend 1998)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
246,000 (yearend 1998)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
6 (1999)