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Ecuador



Atlas Ecuador

Country (long form)
Republic of Ecuador
Capital
Quito
Total Area
109,483.13 sq mi
283,560.00 sq km
Population
12,920,092 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
23,712,302
Languages
Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)
Literacy
90.1% total, 92.0% male, 88.2% female (1995 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 95%
Life Expectancy
68.26 male, 73.99 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
republic
Currency
1 sucre (S/) = 100 centavos
GDP (per capita)
$4,300 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
agriculture 30%, industry 25%, services 45% (1999 est.)
Industry
petroleum, food processing, textiles, metal work, paper products, wood products, chemicals, plastics, fishing, lumber
Agriculture
bananas, coffee, cocoa, rice, potatoes, manioc (tapioca), plantains, sugarcane; cattle, sheep, pigs, beef, pork, dairy products; balsa wood; fish, shrimp
Arable Land
6%
Exports
petroleum, bananas, shrimp, coffee, cocoa, cut flowers, fish
Imports
machinery and equipment, raw materials, fuels; consumer goods
Natural Resources
petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower
Current Environmental Issues
deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes
Telephones (main lines in use)
748,000 (1995)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
49,776 (1995)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
8 (1999)