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News in Democratic
Republic of
the Congo




Atlas Democratic Republic of the Congo

Country (long form)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Capital
Kinshasa
Total Area
905,567.86 sq mi
2,345,410.00 sq km
Population
51,964,999 (July 2000 est.) note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS
Estimated Population in 2050
181,922,656
Languages
French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Literacy
77.3% total, 86.6% male, 67.7% female (1995 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs 10%
Life Expectancy
46.72 male, 50.83 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
dictatorship
Currency
Congolese franc (CF)
GDP (per capita)
$710 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
agriculture 65%, industry 16%, services 19% (1991 est.)
Industry
mining, mineral processing, consumer products (including textiles, footwear, cigarettes, processed foods and beverages), cement, diamonds
Agriculture
coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, quinine, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, bananas, root crops, corn, fruits; wood products
Arable Land
3%
Exports
diamonds, copper, coffee, cobalt, crude oil
Imports
foodstuffs, mining and other machinery, transport equipment, fuels
Natural Resources
cobalt, copper, cadmium, petroleum, industrial and gem diamonds, gold, silver, zinc, manganese, tin, germanium, uranium, radium, bauxite, iron ore, coal, hydropower, timber
Current Environmental Issues
poaching threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; deforestation; refugees who arrived in mid-1994 were responsible for significant deforestation, soil erosion, and wildlife poaching in the eastern part of the country (most of those refugees were repatriated in November and December 1996)
Telephones (main lines in use)
36,000 (1995)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
10,000 (1995)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
1 (1999)

Other than in Kinshasa, travel throughout the country is hazardous and difficult. A shaky ceasefire has been in effect since mid-2003, but many regions are highly insecure, especially in the north and east. The district of Ituri is especially insecure. Entry from Uganda should not be attempted.