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Burundi



Atlas Burundi

Country (long form)
Republic of Burundi
Capital
Bujumbura
Total Area
10,745.22 sq mi
27,830.00 sq km
Population
6,054,714 (July 2000 est.) note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS
Estimated Population in 2050
16,086,866
Languages
Kirundi (official), French (official), Swahili (along Lake Tanganyika and in the Bujumbura area)
Literacy
35.3% total, 49.3% male, 22.5% female (1995 est.)
Religions
Christian 67% (Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 5%), indigenous beliefs 23%, Muslim 10%
Life Expectancy
45.23 male, 47.16 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
republic
Currency
1 Burundi franc (FBu) = 100 centimes
GDP (per capita)
$730 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
agriculture 93%, government 4%, industry and commerce 1.5%, services 1.5% (1983 est.)
Industry
light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components; public works construction; food processing
Agriculture
coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides
Arable Land
44%
Exports
coffee, tea, sugar, cotton, hides
Imports
capital goods, petroleum products, foodstuffs
Natural Resources
nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium, arable land, hydropower
Current Environmental Issues
soil erosion as a result of overgrazing and the expansion of agriculture into marginal lands; deforestation (little forested land remains because of uncontrolled cutting of trees for fuel); habitat loss threatens wildlife populations
Telephones (main lines in use)
17,000 (1995)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
343 (1995)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
N/A

Burundi remains a highly volatile and dangerous destination. Fighting is at its worst in outlying areas but gunfire is not uncommon on the streets of the capital, Bujumbura, where a curfew is usually enforced.