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Bulgaria



Atlas Bulgaria

Country (long form)
Republic of Bulgaria
Capital
Sofia
Total Area
42,822.59 sq mi
110,910.00 sq km
Population
7,796,694 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
4,478,866
Languages
Bulgarian, secondary languages closely correspond to ethnic breakdown
Literacy
98.0% total, 99.0% male, 98% female (1999)
Religions
Bulgarian Orthodox 83.5%, Muslim 13%, Roman Catholic 1.5%, Jewish 0.8%, Uniate Catholic 0.2%, Protestant, Gregorian-Armenian, and other 1% (1998)
Life Expectancy
67.45 male, 74.56 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
parliamentary democracy
Currency
1 lev (Lv) = 100 stotinki
GDP (per capita)
$4,300 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
agriculture 26%, industry 31%, services 43% (1998 est.)
Industry
machine building and metal working, food processing, chemicals, construction materials, ferrous and nonferrous metals, nuclear fuel
Agriculture
vegetables, fruits, tobacco, livestock, wine, wheat, barley, sunflowers, sugar beets
Arable Land
43%
Exports
machinery and equipment; metals, minerals, and fuels; chemicals and plastics; food, tobacco, clothing
Imports
fuels, minerals, and raw materials; machinery and equipment; metals and ores; chemicals and plastics; food, textiles (1998)
Natural Resources
bauxite, copper, lead, zinc, coal, timber, arable land
Current Environmental Issues
air pollution from industrial emissions; rivers polluted from raw sewage, heavy metals, detergents; deforestation; forest damage from air pollution and resulting acid rain; soil contamination from heavy metals from metallurgical plants and industrial wastes
Telephones (main lines in use)
3.186 million (1999)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
300,000 (1999)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
20 (1999)