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Brazil



Atlas Brazil

Country (long form)
Federative Republic of Brazil
Capital
Brasilia
Total Area
3,286,488.06 sq mi
8,511,965.00 sq km
Population
172,860,370 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
206,751,477
Languages
Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
Literacy
83.3% total, 83.3% male, 83.2% female (1995 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic (nominal) 80%
Life Expectancy
58.54 male, 67.56 female (2000 est.)
Government Type
federative republic
Currency
1 real (R$) = 100 centavos
GDP (per capita)
$6,150 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
services 42%, agriculture 31%, industry 27%
Industry
textiles, shoes, chemicals, cement, lumber, iron ore, tin, steel, aircraft, motor vehicles and parts, other machinery and equipment
Agriculture
coffee, soybeans, wheat, rice, corn, sugarcane, cocoa, citrus; beef
Arable Land
5%
Exports
manufactures, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee
Imports
machinery and equipment, chemical products, oil, electricity
Natural Resources
bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber
Current Environmental Issues
deforestation in Amazon Basin destroys the habitat and endangers the existence of a multitude of plant and animal species indigenous to the area; air and water pollution in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and several other large cities; land degradation and water pollution caused by improper mining activities note: President CARDOSO in September 1999 signed into force an environmental crime bill which for the first time defines pollution and deforestation as crimes punishable by stiff fines and jail sentences
Telephones (main lines in use)
19 million (1997)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
4 million (1997)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
197 (1999)