K.A Former Pupils Worldwide
If you are a former pupil of Kilmarnock Academy and you currently live or work in this country (or have lived in it for a period of time), then e-mail us at email@example.com with your details. The essential details are: your name; the years you attended Kilmarnock Academy; where in the country you live or work (if you no longer live or work in this country, please state the years you were in residence there).
If you want to - and it does make things a lot more interesting - you can also provide us with a brief account of a favourite place or fond memory or favourite anecdote or local customs or local cuisine (or anything else about this country that you'd like to share with us). You can, if you wish, also include one or two photographs of places you lived in or visited during your stay in this country.
K.A. International - Worldwide Learning Network
If you know of a school in this country (possibly one that your own children have attended) that would be interested in developing links and engaging in joint projects with pupils at K.A., then please e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org with contact details. You can get more information on this initiative by clicking here.
N. McIlvanney 2005
|K.A Former Pupils in Bhutan
Name Years attended K.A. Area, City or Town of Residence
K.A. Pupils' Postcards
If you are a pupil or former pupil of Kilmarnock Academy and you have visited this country, then e-mail us at email@example.com with your details. The essential details are: your name; the years you attended Kilmarnock Academy; where in the country you visited.
If you want to - and it does make this page a lot more worthwhile - you can also provide us with a brief account of a favourite place or fond memory or unusual experience or local customs or local cuisine or first impressions or lasting impressions. (You can, if you wish, also include one or two photographs of a place you visited in this country).
N. McIlvanney 2005
|K.A Pupils' Postcards from Bhutan
Name Years attended K.A. Area, City or Town Visited
Kingdom of Bhutan
18,146.80 sq mi
47,000.00 sq km
2,005,222 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
Dzongkha (official), Bhotes speak various Tibetan dialects, Nepalese
speak various Nepalese dialects
42.2% total, 56.2% male, 28.1% female (1995 est.)
Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25%
52.79 male, 51.99 female (2000 est.)
monarchy; special treaty relationship with India
1 ngultrum (Nu) = 100 chetrum
GDP (per capita)
$1,060 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
massive lack of skilled labor
cement, wood products, processed fruits, alcoholic beverages, calcium
rice, corn, root crops, citrus, foodgrains; dairy products, eggs
cardamom, gypsum, timber, handicrafts, cement, fruit, electricity (to
India), precious stones, spices
fuel and lubricants, grain, machinery and parts, vehicles, fabrics,
timber, hydropower, gypsum, calcium carbide
Current Environmental Issues
soil erosion; limited access to potable water
Telephones (main lines in use)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
Archaeological evidence suggests Bhutan was inhabited possibly as early
as 2000 BC. Buddhism was probably introduced in the 2nd century although
traditionally its introduction is credited to the first visit of Guru
Rinpoche in the 8th century.
is the most important figure in Bhutan's history, regarded as the second
Buddha. His miraculous powers included the ability to subdue demons
and evil spirits, and he preserved his teachings and wisdom by concealing
them in the form of terma (hidden treasures) to be found later by enlightened
treasure discoverers known as tertons. One of the best known of these
tertons was Pema Lingpa; the texts and artefacts he found, the religious
dances he composed, and the art he produced, are vital parts of Bhutan's
the 16th century, numerous clans and noble families ruled in different
valleys throughout Bhutan, quarelling among themselves and with Tibet.
This changed in 1616 with the arrival of Ngawang Namgyal, a monk of
the Drukpa Kagyu school of Buddhism from Tibet. He taught throughout
the region and soon established himself as the religious ruler of Bhutan
with the title Shabdrung Rinpoche. He repelled attacks from rival lamas
and Tibetan forces and transformed the southern valleys into a unified
country called Druk Yul (Land of the Dragon). While the political system
he established lasted until the beginning of the 20th century, the announcement
of the Shabdrung's death in 1705 was followed by 200 years of internal
conflict and political infighting.
lasted until 1907 when Ugyen Wangchuck was elected, by a unanimous vote
of Bhutan's chiefs and principal lamas, as hereditary ruler of Bhutan.
Thus the first king was crowned and the Wangchuck dynasty began. Over
the following four decades, he and his heir, King Jigme Wangchuck, brought
the entire country under the monarchy's direct control. Upon independence
in 1947, India recognised Bhutan as a sovereign country.
king, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, is regarded as the father of modern Bhutan
because of the development plans he initiated. When China took control
of Tibet, Bhutan's policy of total isolation lost its appeal and the
country was formally admitted to the United Nations in 1971. The present
monarch, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, has continued the policy of controlled
development with particular focus on the preservation of the environment
and Bhutan's unique culture. Among his ideals is economic self-reliance
and what he nicknamed 'Gross National Happiness'.
on 2 June 1974 was the first time the international media were allowed
to enter the kingdom, and marked Bhutan's debut appearance on the world
stage. The first group of paying tourists arrived later that year.
lyonpos (members of the Council of Ministers) were appointed by the
king for five-year terms. Lyonpos were usually reappointed and an unrivalled
political stability in the last two decades has enabled Bhutan to progress
steadily with its policy of controlled modernisation. Lyonpo Dawa Tshering
holds a place in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's longest
serving foreign minister (1972-98).
political reform in June 1998, the king dissolved the Council of Ministers
and announced that ministers formerly appointed by him would need to
stand for open election. A rotating chairman fronts the resultant cabinet.
But that was just the beginning of the reforms. What has really shaken
Bhutanese society in recent times is the advent of television. Although
the government tries valiantly to produce as much local content as possilb,e
the majority of programming is foreign, and is exposing the curious
Bhutanese to the pleasures and perils of modernity. In recent years,
it's said that crime and domestic violence rates have increased, though
who are we to suggest that the two may be related?