K.A Former Pupils Worldwide
If you are a former pupil of Kilmarnock Academy and you currently live or work in this country (or have lived in it for a period of time), then e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org with your details. The essential details are: your name; the years you attended Kilmarnock Academy; and where in the country you live or work (if you no longer live or work in this country, please state the years you were in residence there).
If you want to - and it does make things a lot more interesting - you can also provide us with a brief account of a favourite place or fond memory or favourite anecdote or local customs or local cuisine (or anything else about this country that you'd like to share with us). You can, if you wish, also include one or two photographs of places you lived in or visited during your stay in this country.
K.A. International - Worldwide Learning Network
If you know of a school in this country (possibly one that your own children have attended) that would be interested in developing links and engaging in joint projects with pupils at K.A., then please e-mail email@example.com with contact details. You can find out more information about this initiative by clicking here.
N. McIlvanney 2005
K.A Former Pupils in Australia
Name Years attended K.A. Area, City or Town of Residence
K.A. Pupils' Postcards
If you are a pupil or former pupil of Kilmarnock Academy and you have visited this country, then e-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org with your details. The essential details are: your name; the years you attended Kilmarnock Academy; and where in the country you visited.
If you want to - and it does make this page a lot more worthwhile - you can also provide us with a brief account of a favourite place or fond memory or unusual experience or local customs or local cuisine or first impressions or lasting impressions. (You can, if you wish, also include one or two photographs of a place you visited in this country).
N. McIlvanney 2005
|K.A Pupils' Postcards from Australia
Name Years attended K.A. Area, City or Town Visited
Commonwealth of Australia
2,967,909.38 sq mi
7,686,850.00 sq km
19,169,083 (July 2000 est.)
Estimated Population in 2050
English, native languages
100.0% total, 100.0% male, 100.0% female
Anglican 26.1%, Roman Catholic 26%, other Christian 24.3%, non-Christian
76.9 male, 82.74 female (2000 est.)
democratic, federal-state system recognizing the British monarch as
1 Australian dollar ($A) = 100 cents
GDP (per capita)
$22,200 (1999 est.)
Labor Force (by occupation)
services 73%, industry 22%, agriculture 5% (1997 est.)
mining, industrial and transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals,
wheat, barley, sugarcane, fruits; cattle, sheep, poultry
coal, gold, meat, wool, alumina, iron ore, wheat, machinery and transport
machinery and transport equipment, computers and office machines, telecommunication
equipment and parts; crude oil and petroleum products
bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, silver, uranium, nickel, tungsten,
mineral sands, lead, zinc, diamonds, natural gas, petroleum
Current Environmental Issues
soil erosion from overgrazing, industrial development, urbanization,
and poor farming practices; soil salinity rising due to the use of poor
quality water; desertification; clearing for agricultural purposes threatens
the natural habitat of many unique animal and plant species; the Great
Barrier Reef off the northeast coast, the largest coral reef in the
world, is threatened by increased shipping and its popularity as a tourist
site; limited natural fresh water resources
Telephones (main lines in use)
92 million (1995)
Telephones (mobile cellular)
5.29 million (1998)
Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
Australia's original inhabitants, known as Australian Aborigines, have
the longest continuous cultural history in the world, with origins dating
back to the last Ice Age. Although mystery and debate shroud many aspects
of Australian prehistory, it is generally accepted that the first humans
travelled across the sea from Indonesia about 70,000 years ago. The
first visitors, called 'Robust' by archaeologists because of their heavy-boned
physique, were followed 20,000 years later by the more slender 'Gracile'
people, the ancestors of Australian Aborigines.
began to encroach on Australia in the 16th century: Portuguese navigators
were followed by Dutch explorers and the enterprising English pirate
William Dampier. Captain James Cook sailed the entire length of the
eastern coast in 1770, stopping at Botany Bay on the way. After rounding
Cape York, he claimed the continent for the British and named it New
Joseph Banks (a naturalist on Cook's voyage) suggested that Britain
could solve overcrowding problems in its prisons by transporting convicts
to New South Wales. In 1787, the First Fleet set sail for Botany Bay
under the command of Captain Arthur Philip, who was to become the colony's
first governor. The fleet comprised 11 ships, 750 male and female convicts,
four companies of marines and supplies for two years. Philip arrived
in Botany Bay on 26 January 1788, but soon moved north to Sydney Cove,
where there was better land and water. For the new arrivals, New South
Wales was a harsh and horrible place, and the threat of starvation hung
over the colony for at least 16 years.
never experienced the systematic push westward that characterised the
European settlement of America. Early exploration and expansion took
place for one of three reasons: to find suitable places of secondary
punishment, like the barbaric penal settlements at Port Arthur in Van
Diemen's Land and on Norfolk Island; to occupy land before anyone else
arrived; or in later years, because of the quest for gold.
began to be attracted to Australia over the next decades, but it was
the discovery of gold in the 1850s that changed the face of the colony.
The huge influx of migrants and several large finds boosted the economy
and irrevocably changed the colonial social structures. Aborigines were
ruthlessly pushed off their tribal lands as new settlers took up land
for farming or mining. The Industrial Revolution in England required
plenty of raw materials, and Australia's agricultural and mineral resources
expanded to meet the demand.
became a nation when federation of the separate colonies took place
on 1 January 1901 (although many of the legal and cultural ties with
England remained). Australian troops fought alongside the British in
the Boer War and WWI. Interestingly, while Australians rallied to the
aid of Britain during WWI, the majority of voters were prepared to support
voluntary military service only. Efforts to introduce conscription during
the war led to bitter debate, both in parliament and in the streets,
and in referenda compulsory national service was rejected.
was hard hit by the Depression; prices for wool and wheat - two mainstays
of the economy - plunged. In 1931 almost a third of breadwinners were
unemployed and poverty was widespread. Swagmen became a familiar sight,
as they had been in the 1890s depression, as thousands of men took to
the ‘wallaby track' in search of work in the countryside. By 1933, however,
Australia's economy was starting to recover, a result of rises in wool
prices and a rapid revival of manufacturing.
broke out, Australian troops fought alongside the British in Europe
but after the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Australia's own national
security finally began to take priority. Singapore fell, the northern
Australian towns of Darwin and Broome and the New Guinean town of Port
Moresby were bombed, the Japanese advanced southward. In appalling conditions,
Australian soldiers confronted and defeated the Japanese at Milne Bay,
east of Port Moresby, and began the long struggle to push them from
the Pacific. Ultimately it was the USA that helped protect Australia
from the Japanese, defeating them in the Battle of the Coral Sea. This
event was to mark the beginning of a profound shift in Australia's allegiance
away from Britain and towards the USA.
immigration brought a flood of European immigrants, many of them non-British.
The immigrants have since made an enormous contribution to the country,
enlivening its culture and broadening its vision. The post-war era was
a boom time in Australia as its raw materials were once again in great
1950s Australia came to accept the American view that it was not so
much Asia but communism in Asia that threatened the increasingly Americanised
Australian way of life. Accordingly, Australia followed the USA into
the Korean War, and in 1965, Australia committed troops to assist the
USA in the Vietnam War, though support for involvement was far from
absolute. Still more troubling for many young Australian men was the
fact that conscription was introduced in 1964, and those undertaking
national service could now be sent overseas. By 1967 as many as 40%
of Australians serving in Vietnam were conscripts.
unrest aroused by conscription was one factor that contributed to the
1972 rise to power of the Australian Labor Party, under the leadership
of Gough Whitlam. The Whitlam government withdrew Australian troops
from Vietnam, abolished national service and higher-education fees,
instituted a system of free and universally available health care, and
supported land rights for Aboriginal people.
however, was hampered by a hostile Senate and by much talk of mismanagement.
On 11 November 1975, the governor general (the British monarch's representative
in Australia) took the unprecedented step of dismissing the parliament
and installing a caretaker government led by the leader of the opposition
Liberal Party, Malcolm Fraser. Labor supporters were appalled - the
powers that the governor general had been able to invoke had long been
regarded by many as an anachronistic vestige of Australia's now remote
British past. Nevertheless, it was a conservative Liberal and National
Country Party coalition that won the ensuing election. A Labor government
was not returned until 1983, when a former trade union leader, Bob Hawke,
led the party to victory.
period of recession and high unemployment in the early 1990s, the electorate
eventually lost faith in the Labor government, and in early 1996, Labor
leader Paul Keating was defeated in a landslide victory to the conservative
coalition, led by John Howard.
of republicanism - replacing Britain's queen with an Australian president
as head of state - dominated Australian politics in the late 1990s.
An increasing number of people, particularly young Australians, felt
that constitutional ties with Britain were no longer relevant and the
only way forward was to declare Australia a republic. However, a national
referendum in 1999 resulted in a comprehensive victory for the status